Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences
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Understanding Library Use from the Standpoint of the User: Naturalistic Inquiry for Library Research作者欲授權按此
Constance A. Mellon
||Naturalistic inquiry, a methodology rarely used for library research,
contrasts with traditional survey research and experimental design in a number
Naturalistic researchers observe behavior within its natural setting. Their goal
is to understand a situation form the point of view of those involved in it.
Drawing upon strategies developed by sociologists and anthropologists, naturalistic
researchers use observation and personal documents to develop theories
based on the data they collect. These theories, presented as descriptive accounts,
allow the reader to view the situation under study form the point of
view of its participants. Applying this methodology to the library field, examples
are drawn form a study to determine the attitudes of beginning composition
students toward library search. Journal entries collected over a two
year period showed the recurring there of fear. Form these entries, three
concepts emerged: that fear was due to the belief that other students were
competent while they were not; that lack of library skills was shameful and
must be hidden and that asking questions would reveal ignorance. These
concepts were used to construct a theory of library anxiety.
|Mellon, C. A.(1986). Understanding Library Use from the Standpoint of the User: Naturalistic Inquiry for Library Research. Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences, 23(4), 348-364.
|Constance A. Mellon, "Understanding Library Use from the Standpoint of the User: Naturalistic Inquiry for Library Research," Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences 23, no. 4(July 1986): 348-364. |